By 2050, the United Nations estimates there will be an additional 2 billion people in the world. To feed them, we will need to help animal producers become more efficient and more sustainable.
Animal diseases cost farmers a significant proportion of their meat, fish and dairy yield every year. In fact, the World Organization for Animal Health estimates that animal disease reduces global food production by at least 20 percent.1 Its impact on food output is greatest in developing countries, where two-thirds of the world’s 1.5 billion poor are reliant on livestock as their main source of food and income.2 Preventing disease-related costs will also be crucial if we are to meet the increasing demand for animal protein, created by rising standards of living and population growth. In addition, the land and water available for agriculture is decreasing. Not only will food-producing animals have to stay healthy, but they will also have to be reared more efficiently.
As economies continue to grow and lifestyles change around the globe, the global appetite for meat, milk and eggs increases. In fact, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) expects the global demand for animal protein to double by 2050.
Our portfolio of animal health products and services is focused on helping farmers keep their livestock healthy and productive. Targeted intervention with vaccines, antiparasitics, anti-infectives and other veterinary medicines and services helps protect the health and well-being of animals, and helps producers to avoid and/or limit their production losses.
Protecting Poultry Flocks and Ensuring the Livelihood of Farmers
Through the introduction of a vaccine against a specific virus strain causing infectious bronchitis (IB) in chickens, farmers in Argentina recognized significant reduction of mortality in their chicken flocks and improved productivity. Often, a tailored approach can offer important additional features to protect against devastating diseases such as infectious laryngotracheitis and Newcastle Disease in chickens. For example, our innovative vector-vaccine concept was introduced a few years ago in response to emerging poultry diseases that were first identified in South America.
The World Organization for Animal Health estimates that animal disease reduces global food production by at least 20 percent.
Another innovation is our SPHEREON® technology, which freeze-dries poultry vaccines into small, highly soluble particles (spheres) instead of the traditional vaccine cake in a glass bottle. SPHEREON vaccines are packaged in lightweight, easy-to-open aluminum cups in convenient dose sizes. Dissolving the particles is fast and convenient for administration of the vaccine via water, spray or eye drop.
Currently, half of all the fish consumed globally is farmed (proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)).
Demand for fish is also rising, and farmed fish are becoming more important. In order to meet this demand and protect wild fish, our SLICE® Sustainability Project, developed in partnership with fish farmers, continues to help control parasites and keep fish healthy. SLICE (emamectin benzoate) controls sea lice, the naturally occurring parasites that live in the ocean and threaten the health and welfare of salmon. Our “Strep Control—Your Tilapia Health” program helps fish farmers to identify the strain and biotype of Streptococcus agalactiae present on their farm, implement a surveillance and vaccination program, and train staff on appropriate control strategies against the most prevalent disease affecting tilapia. In 2014, this program delivered a new fish vaccine to protect tilapia and other fish against the biotype 1 strain of Streptococcus agalactiae, the biotype specific to Thailand and other key tilapia-producing regions in Asia, including Malaysia.
2 OIE, B. Vallat. Opening speech, European Veterinary Week, Brussels, Nov. 10, 2008.