GRI Index

GRI Index

This report references the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Sustainability Standards.

The GRI Standards represent global best practices for reporting publicly on a range of economic, environmental and social impacts.

We believe that this report provides an inclusive picture of our material topics, their related impacts, and how they are managed.

Throughout this report, flags denote which GRI disclosures are relevant to the text, where applicable. Roll over a flag to see a brief description of the disclosure.

Additionally, for ease of online navigation of PDFs, the page numbers referenced below for the Form 10-K and proxy are for the PDF, not the number on the page.

Assurance

WSP Environment & Energy, one of the world’s leading engineering and professional services consulting firms, conducted an independent third party review of our 2016 greenhouse gas and water inventories, and provided limited assurance for the data that we submit to CDP and for the corporate responsibility report. This data can be found on our Water and Climate Change & Energy Use pages. Please see WSP’s limited assurance of our environmental data here.

The table below summarizes where the disclosures can be found throughout this report.

Index # Description Report Location/Direct Answer

Foundation

GRI 101: REPORTING PRINCIPLES
GRI 101
Defining report content and quality

General Disclosures

GRI 102: ORGANIZATIONAL PROFILE
GRI 102-1
Organization name
Merck & Co., Inc.
Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-2
Primary brands, products, and services
GRI 102-3
Headquarters location
Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-4
Location of operations
2016 Form 10-K (pages 30, 215–224)
GRI 102-5
Ownership and legal form
GRI 102-6
Markets served
Our Business
2016 Form 10-K (pages 10, 19, 78, 130)
GRI 102-7
Scale of the organization
Economic Impact
2016 Form 10-K (pages 3, 18, 30, 39–40, 73, 75)
GRI 102-9
Supply chain
GRI 102-10
Organizational changes during the reporting period
About This Report
2016 Form 10-K (pages 1, 35, 56–57, 73, 84–85)
GRI 102-11
Precautionary principle
GRI 102-13
Membership associations
GRI 102: STRATEGY
GRI 102-14
CEO Letter
GRI 102: ETHICS & INTEGRITY
GRI 102-16
Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior
GRI 102-17
Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics
GRI 102: GOVERNANCE
GRI 102-18
Governance structure of the organization
GRI 102-22
Composition of the board and its committees
GRI 102-23
Chair of the highest governance body
Kenneth C. Frazier is both the chairman of the board and the chief executive officer.
Corporate Governance
2017 Proxy Statement (pages 70–71)
GRI 102-24
Board nomination and selection processes
GRI 102-25
Board conflicts of interest
GRI 102-26
Board and executive roles
GRI 102-29
Board identification of ESG impacts, risks and opportunities
GRI 102-30
Board ESG review of risk management processes
GRI 102-31
Frequency of board review
The Governance Committee shall meet no less frequently than twice each year. Meetings may be called by the Chairperson of the Committee or upon the vote of a majority of the Board.
GRI 102-32
Report review
GRI 102-33
Board communication
GRI 102-35
Remuneration policies for the board and senior executives
2017 Proxy Statement
(pages 39-51)
GRI 102-36
Process for determining remuneration
GRI 102-37
Remuneration shareholder resolutions
GRI 102: STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT
GRI 102-40
Stakeholder engagement
GRI 102-41
Union representation
GRI 102-42
Stakeholder identification
GRI 102-43
Approach to stakeholder engagement
GRI 102-44
Key topics and concerns raised
2017 Proxy Statement (pages 23, 26, 37, 38, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77)
GRI 102: REPORTING PRACTICE
GRI 102-45
Entities included in financial statements
2016 Form 10-K (pages 215–224)
Data regarding employees who are part of underrepresented ethnic groups are provided for the U.S. only.
GRI 102-46
Defining report content and topic boundaries
GRI 102-47
Material Aspects included
GRI 102-48
Restatements
Any restatements of information are included in the footnotes beneath the specific performance data tables.
GRI 102-49
Reporting changes
None
GRI 102-50
Reporting period
January 1, 2016 – December 31, 2016
GRI 102-51
Date of most recent report
Released in September 2016, covering 2015 programs and data
GRI 102-52
Reporting cycle
Annual
GRI 102-53
Report contact
GRI 102-54
Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards
While many aspects are in alignment with the Core level, this is a GRI-referenced report.
GRI 102-55
GRI content index
GRI 102-56
External assurance
GRI 103: MANAGEMENT APPROACH
GRI 103-1
Explanation of the material topic and its boundary
GRI 103-2
The management approach and its components
GRI 103-3
Evaluation of the management approach

Economic

GRI 201: ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
GRI 201-1
Direct economic value generated and distributed
GRI 201-2
Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change
Climate Change & Energy Use
2016 Form 10-K (page 19)
CDP Climate Change (CC5.1–CC5.1c, CC6.1–CC6.1c)
GRI 201-3
Benefit plan coverage
GRI 203: INDIRECT ECONOMIC IMPACTS
GRI 203-1
Infrastructure investments and services supported
GRI 205: ANTI-CORRUPTION
GRI 206: ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR
GRI 206-1
Anti-competitive behavior
2016 Form 10-K (pages 108–112)

Environmental

GRI 302: ENERGY
GRI 302-1
Energy consumption within the organization (Scopes 1 + 2)
GRI 302-4
Energy reductions
GRI 303: WATER
GRI 303-1
Water withdrawals by source
Water
CDP Water (W1.2a, W5.1a)
GRI 303-2
Water sources affected by withdrawals
CDP Water 2016 (W2.6, W3.2a, W5.1)
GRI 303-3
Water recycled and reused
GRI 305: EMISSIONS
GRI 305-1
Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1)
GRI 305-2
Indirect GHG emissions (Scope 2)
GRI 305-3
Other indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3)
GRI 305-4
GHG emissions intensity
CDP Climate Change (CC12.2–CC12.4)
GRI 305-5
Reduction of GHG emissions
GRI 305-6
Ozone-depleting substances (ODS)
GRI 305-7
NOx, SOx and other emissions
GRI 306: EFFLUENTS & WASTE
GRI 306-1
Water discharge
CDP Water (W0.3, W1.2, W1.2b)
GRI 306-2
Waste by type and disposal method
GRI 306-3
Significant spills
None
GRI 306-4
Transport of hazardous waste
GRI 307: ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE
GRI 307-1
Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations
GRI 308: SUPPLIER ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
GRI 308-1
New suppliers screened using environmental criteria

Social

GRI 401: EMPLOYMENT
GRI 401-1
New employee hires and turnover
GRI 401-2
Benefits provided to full-time employees
GRI 403: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
GRI 403-2
Rates of injury, occupational disease, lost days, absenteeism, and work-related fatalities
GRI 403-3
Workers with high risk of diseases related to their occupation
GRI 404: TRAINING & EDUCATION
GRI 404-1
Average hours of employee training
Learning & Development
EHS Management & Compliance

We conduct extensive training programs worldwide; however, we do not currently track the average number of hours of training per employee.
GRI 404-2
Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs
GRI 404-3
Percentage of employees receiving regular performance reviews
GRI 405: DIVERSITY & EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
GRI 405-1
Diversity of governance bodies and employees
GRI 407: FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
GRI 407-1
Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association may be at risk
GRI 409: FORCED OR COMPULSORY LABOR
GRI 409-1
Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor
GRI 413: LOCAL COMMUNITIES
GRI 413-1
Operations with local community engagement, impact assessment, and development programs
GRI 414: SUPPLIER SOCIAL ASSESSMENT
GRI 414-1
New suppliers screened using social criteria
GRI 415: PUBLIC POLICY
GRI 415-1
Political contributions
GRI 416: CUSTOMER HEALTH & SAFETY
GRI 416-1
Assessment of the health and safety impacts of product and service categories
GRI 416-2
Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services
GRI 417: MARKETING & LABELING
GRI 417-1
Requirements for product and service information and labeling
GRI 417-2
Incidents of non-compliance concerning product and service information and labeling
GRI 417-3
Incidents of non-compliance concerning marketing communications
GRI 418: CUSTOMER PRIVACY
GRI 418-1
Substantiated complaints regarding breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data