GRI Index

GRI Index

This report references the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Sustainability Standards.

The GRI Standards represent global best practices for reporting publicly on a range of economic, environmental and social impacts.

We believe that this report provides an inclusive picture of our material topics, their related impacts, and how they are managed.

Throughout this report, flags denote which GRI disclosures are relevant to the text, where applicable. Roll over a flag to see a brief description of the disclosure.

Assurance

WSP Environment & Energy, one of the world’s leading engineering and professional services consulting firms, conducted an independent third party review of our 2017 greenhouse gas and water inventories, and provided limited assurance for the data that we submit to CDP and for the corporate responsibility report. This data can be found on our Water and Climate Change & Energy Use pages. Please see WSP’s limited assurance of our environmental data here.

The table below summarizes where the disclosures can be found throughout this report.

Index # Description Report Location/Direct Answer

Foundation

GRI 101: REPORTING PRINCIPLES
GRI 101
Defining report content and quality

General Disclosures

GRI 102: ORGANIZATIONAL PROFILE
GRI 102-1
Organization name
Merck & Co., Inc.
Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-2
Primary brands, products, and services
GRI 102-3
Headquarters location
Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-4
Location of operations
We have operations in more than 140 markets around the globe.

MSD worldwide
GRI 102-5
Ownership and legal form
2017 Form 10-K (cover, page 33)
GRI 102-6
Markets served
GRI 102-7
Scale of the organization
GRI 102-8
Information on employees and other workers.
As of December 31, 2017, the Company had approximately 69,000 employees worldwide, with approximately 26,700 employed in the United States, including Puerto Rico.
GRI 102-10
Organizational changes during the reporting period
GRI 102-11
Precautionary principle
GRI 102-13
Membership associations
GRI 102: STRATEGY
GRI 102-14
CEO Letter
GRI 102: ETHICS & INTEGRITY
GRI 102-16
Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior
GRI 102-17
Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics
GRI 102: GOVERNANCE
GRI 102-18
Governance structure of the organization
GRI 102-20
High-level accountability for sustainability topics.
GRI 102-21
Access to the board
GRI 102-22
Composition of the board and its committees
GRI 102-23
Chair of the highest governance body
Kenneth C. Frazier is both the chairman of the board and the chief executive officer.

Corporate Governance

2018 Proxy Statement (pages 17–18)
GRI 102-24
Board nomination and selection processes
GRI 102-25
Board conflicts of interest
GRI 102-26
Board and executive roles
GRI 102-29
Board identification of ESG impacts, risks and opportunities
GRI 102-30
Board ESG review of risk management processes
GRI 102-31
Frequency of board review
The Governance Committee shall meet no less frequently than twice each year. Meetings may be called by the Chairperson of the Committee or upon the vote of a majority of the Board.
GRI 102-32
Report review
GRI 102-33
Board communication
2018 Proxy Statement (pages 25–26)
GRI 102-35
Remuneration policies for the board and senior executives
2018 Proxy Statement
(pages 28–29, 39–70)
GRI 102-36
Process for determining remuneration
2018 Proxy Statement (pages 39–70)
GRI 102-37
Remuneration shareholder resolutions
GRI 102: STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT
GRI 102-40
Stakeholder engagement
GRI 102-41
Union representation
GRI 102-42
Stakeholder identification
GRI 102-43
Approach to stakeholder engagement
GRI 102: REPORTING PRACTICE
GRI 102-45
Entities included in financial statements
About This Report

Data regarding employees who are part of underrepresented ethnic groups are provided for the U.S. only.
GRI 102-46
Defining report content and topic boundaries
GRI 102-47
Material Aspects included
GRI 102-48
Restatements
Any restatements of information are included in the footnotes beneath the specific performance data tables.
GRI 102-49
Reporting changes
None
GRI 102-50
Reporting period
January 1, 2017–December 31, 2017
GRI 102-51
Date of most recent report
Released in November 2017, covering 2016 programs and data
GRI 102-52
Reporting cycle
Annual
GRI 102-53
Report contact
GRI 102-54
Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards
While many of the disclosures are in alignment with the Core level, this is a GRI-referenced report.
GRI 102-55
GRI content index
GRI 102-56
External assurance

Economic

GRI 201: ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 201-1
Direct economic value generated and distributed
GRI 201-2
Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change
Climate Change & Energy Use

Water

2017 Form 10-K (page 17–18)

CDP Climate Change (CC5.1–CC5.1c, CC6.1–CC6.1c)
GRI 201-3
Benefit plan coverage
GRI 203: INDIRECT ECONOMIC IMPACTS
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 203-1
Infrastructure investments and services supported
GRI 205: ANTI-CORRUPTION
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 205-2
Communications and training on anti-corruption
GRI 206: ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 206-1
Anti-competitive behavior
2017 Form 10-K (pages 101–108)

Environmental

GRI 301: MATERIALS
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 301-2
Recycled inputs
GRI 302: ENERGY
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 302-1
Energy consumption within the organization (Scopes 1 + 2)
GRI 302-4
Energy reductions
GRI 303: WATER
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 303-1
Water withdrawals by source
Water

CDP Water (W1.2a, W5.1a)
GRI 303-2
Water sources affected by withdrawals
CDP Water (W2.6, W3.2a, W5.1)
GRI 305: EMISSIONS
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 305-1
Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1)
GRI 305-2
Indirect GHG emissions (Scope 2)
GRI 305-3
Other indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3)
GRI 305-5
Reduction of GHG emissions
GRI 305-6
Ozone-depleting substances (ODS)
GRI 305-7
NOx, SOx and other emissions
GRI 306: EFFLUENTS & WASTE
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 306-1
Water discharge
CDP Water (W0.3, W1.2, W1.2b)
GRI 306-2
Waste by type and disposal method
GRI 306-3
Significant spills
GRI 307: ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 307-1
Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations
GRI 308: SUPPLIER ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 308-1
New suppliers screened using environmental criteria

Social

GRI 401: EMPLOYMENT
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 401-1
New employee hires and turnover
GRI 401-2
Benefits provided to full-time employees
GRI 403: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 403-2
Rates of injury, occupational disease, lost days, absenteeism, and work-related fatalities
GRI 403-3
Workers with high risk of diseases related to their occupation
GRI 404: TRAINING & EDUCATION
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 404-1
Average hours of employee training
GRI 404-2
Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs
GRI 404-3
Percentage of employees receiving regular performance reviews
GRI 405: DIVERSITY & EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 405-1
Diversity of governance bodies and employees
GRI 407: FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 407-1
Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association may be at risk
GRI 409: FORCED OR COMPULSORY LABOR
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 409-1
Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor
GRI 412: HUMAN RIGHTS ASSESSMENT
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 412-2
Employee training on human rights policies and procedures
GRI 414: SUPPLIER SOCIAL ASSESSMENT
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 414-1
New suppliers screened using social criteria
GRI 415: PUBLIC POLICY
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 415-1
Political contributions
GRI 416: CUSTOMER HEALTH & SAFETY
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 416-1
Assessment of the health and safety impacts of product and service categories
GRI 416-2
Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services
GRI 417: MARKETING & LABELING
GRI 417-1
Requirements for product and service information and labeling
GRI 417-2
Incidents of non-compliance concerning product and service information and labeling
GRI 417-3
Incidents of non-compliance concerning marketing communications
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.
GRI 418: CUSTOMER PRIVACY
GRI 418-1
Substantiated complaints regarding breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data
Management Approach
Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy.