GRI Index

The GRI Standards represent global best practices for reporting publicly on a range of economic, environmental and social impacts.

This report provides an inclusive picture of our corporate responsibility material topics, their related impacts and how they are managed. While many of the disclosures are in alignment with the Core level, this is a GRI-referenced report.

Throughout this report, there are indicators in the left-hand column for which GRI, SASB and SDG disclosures are relevant to the content on that page.

The table below summarizes where responses to the GRI disclosures can be found throughout this site.

Index #Description Location/Response
General Disclosures
GRI 102: Organizational profile
GRI 102-1Organization name Merck & Co., Inc. Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-2Primary brands, products, and services Our Business
2019 Form 10-K (pages 1–4)
GRI 102-3Headquarters location Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-4Location of operations We have operations in more than 140 markets around the globe
MSD worldwide
GRI 102-5Ownership and legal form 2019 Form 10-K (cover, page 36)
GRI 102-6Markets served Our Business
2019 Form 10-K (pages 2–4)
GRI 102-7Scale of the organization Economic Impact
Engaging Our Employees
Addressing Barriers to Health
2019 Form 10-K (pages 19, 33–34, 38)
GRI 102-8Information on employees and other workers Employees Overview
Diversity & Inclusion
GRI 102-9Supply chain Manufacturing & Supply
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 102-10Organizational changes during the reporting period No significant organizational changes occurred in 2019
Our Business
GRI 102-11Precautionary principle Product Stewardship
GRI 102-12External initiatives We engage in many external initiatives throughout our business, and they are highlighted throughout this site.
GRI 102-13Membership associations Public Policy
GRI 102: Strategy
GRI 102-14CEO Letter Letter from Our CEO
GRI 102: Ethics & Integrity
GRI 102-16Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior Code of Conduct
GRI 102-17Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics Compliance
GRI 102: Governance
GRI 102-18Governance structure of the organization Corporate Governance
Leadership
GRI 102-19Delegation of responsibility Corporate Governance
GRI 102-20High-level accountability for sustainability topics. Corporate Governance
GRI 102-21Access to the board Corporate Governance
GRI 102-22Composition of the board and its committees  Leadership
GRI 102-23Chair of the highest governance body Kenneth C. Frazier is both the chairman of the board and the chief executive officer Corporate Governance
2020 Proxy Statement (page 15)
GRI 102-24Board nomination and selection processes Corporate Governance
GRI 102-25Board conflicts of interest Corporate Governance
GRI 102-26Board and executive roles Corporate Governance
GRI 102-29Board identification of ESG impacts, risks and opportunities Corporate Governance
Board of Directors
GRI 102-30Board ESG review of risk management processes Corporate Governance
GRI 102-33Board communication 2020 Proxy Statement (page 25)
GRI 102-34Concerns communicated to the board 2020 Proxy Statement (pages 23–24)
GRI 102-35Remuneration policies for the board and senior executives 2020 Proxy Statement (pages 38–40, 44–59)
GRI 102-36Process for determining remuneration 2020 Proxy Statement (pages 38–40, 44–59)
GRI 102-37Remuneration shareholder resolutions 2020 Proxy Statement (page 41)
GRI 102-38CEO/employee pay ratio 2020 Proxy Statement (page 60)
GRI 102: Stakeholder Engagement
GRI 102-40Stakeholder engagement Stakeholder Engagement
GRI 102-41Union representation Engaging Our Employees
GRI 102-42Stakeholder identification Stakeholder Engagement
GRI 102-43Approach to stakeholder engagement Stakeholder Engagement
Employee Wellbeing
GRI 102: Reporting Practice
GRI 102-45Entities included in financial statements Reporting Overview
GRI 102-46Defining report content and topic boundaries Reporting Overview
Materiality
GRI 102-47Material aspects included Materiality
GRI 102-48Restatements Any restatements of information are included in the footnotes beneath the performance data tables
GRI 102-49Reporting changes None
GRI 102-50Reporting period January 1, 2019–December 31, 2019
GRI 102-51Date of most recent report Released in November 2019, covering 2018 programs and data
GRI 102-52Reporting cycle Annual
GRI 102-53Report contact Contact Us
GRI 102-54Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards While many of the disclosures are in alignment with the Core level, this is a GRI-referenced report
GRI 102-55GRI content index GRI Index
GRI 102-56External assurance FAQ
Economic
GRI 201: Economic performance
GRI 201-1Direct economic value generated and distributed Economic Impact
Addressing Barriers to Health
Supporting Our Communities
Impact Investing
Social Investments
Compensation & Benefits
2019 Form 10-K (page 38, 50)
GRI 201-2Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change Climate Change & Energy Use
Water
2019 Form 10-K (page 20)
CDP Climate Change (CC5.1–CC5.1c, CC6.1–CC6.1c)
Compensation & Benefits
GRI 201-3Benefit plan coverage Compensation & Benefits
2019 Form 10-K (pages 108–114)
GRI 203: Indirect economic impacts
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Affordability
Access to Health Overview
GRI 203-1Infrastructure investments and services supported Impact Investing
Social Investments
MSD for Mothers
Supporting Our Communities
Addressing Barriers to Health
GRI 203-2Indirect economic impacts Access to Health Overview
Product Registration
U.S. Patient Assistance Programs
Affordability
Social Investments
Supporting Our Communities
Women’s Health
GRI 205: Anti-corruption
Management approach Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Code of Conduct
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Compliance
Engaging with Health Care Professionals
GRI 205-2Communications and training on anti-corruption Code of Conduct
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Compliance
Engaging with Health Care Professionals
GRI 206: Anti-competitive behavior
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Sales & Marketing Practices
Compliance
Code of Conduct
GRI 206-1 Anti-competitive behavior Sales & Marketing Practices
Direct-to-Consumer Advertising
2019 Form 10-K (pages 101–105)
Environmental
GRI 301-2Recycled inputs Waste Management
GRI 302: Energy
GRI 302-1Energy consumption within the organization (Scopes 1 + 2) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change
GRI 302-4Energy reductions Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change
GRI 303: Water
GRI 303-1Water as a shared resource Water
CDP Water Security
GRI 303-2Water discharge-related impacts CDP Water Security
GRI 303-3Water withdrawal Water
GRI 305: Emissions
GRI 305-1Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change
GRI 305-2Indirect GHG emissions (Scope 2) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change
GRI 305-3Other indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change
GRI 305-5Reduction of GHG emissions Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 305-6Ozone-depleting substances (ODS) Air Emissions
GRI 305-7NOx, SOx and other emissions Air Emissions
GRI 306: Effluents and waste
GRI 306-2Waste by type and disposal method Waste Management
GRI 306-3Significant spills EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 307: Environmental compliance
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy EHS Management & Compliance
Product Stewardship
GRI 307-1Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations EHS Management & Compliance
2019 Form 10-K (pages 105)
GRI 308: Supplier environmental assessment
GRI 308-1New suppliers screened using environmental criteria Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Social
GRI 401: Employment
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Engaging Our Employees
Global Diversity & Inclusion
Employee Wellbeing
Learning & Development
Compliance
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Human Rights
GRI 401-1New employee hires and turnover Engaging Our Employees
GRI 401-2Benefits provided to full-time employees Employee Wellbeing
Compensation & Benefits
GRI 401-3Parental leave Compensation & Benefits
GRI 403: Occupational health & safety
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Employee Safety
EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 403-1Occupational health and safety management system Employee Safety
EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 403-2Hazard identification, risk assessment, and incident investigation EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 403-3Occupational health services EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 403-5Worker training on occupational health and safety EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 403-6Promotion of worker health Employee Safety
GRI 403-9Work-related injuries Employee Safety
GRI 404: Training and education
GRI 404-1Average hours of employee training Learning & Development
GRI 404-2Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs Learning & Development
GRI 404-3Percentage of employees receiving regular performance reviews Learning & Development
GRI 405: Diversity and equal opportunity
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Global Diversity & Inclusion
GRI 405-1Diversity of governance bodies and employees Global Diversity & Inclusion
GRI 412: Human rights assessment
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Human Rights
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 412-2Employee training on human rights policies and procedures Code of Conduct
GRI 412-3Investment agreements and contracts that include human rights clauses or underwent screening Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Human Rights
GRI 414: Supplier social assessment
GRI 414-1New suppliers screened using social criteria Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 415: Public policy
GRI 415-1Political contributions Public Policy
GRI 416: Customer health and safety
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Manufacturing & Supply
Product & Patient Safety
Quality & Safety Standards
GRI 416-2Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services Quality & Safety Standards
GRI 417: Marketing and labeling
GRI 417-1Requirements for product and service information and labeling Product & Patient Safety
Health Literacy
GRI 417-2Incidents of non-compliance concerning product and service information and labeling Sales & Marketing Practices
GRI 417-3Incidents of non-compliance concerning marketing communications Sales & Marketing Practices
Product & Patient Safety
GRI 418: Customer privacy
Management approachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy Privacy
Cybersecurity
Clinical Research
GRI 418-1Substantiated complaints regarding breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data Privacy