GRI Index

This report has been prepared in accordance with the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Standards at the Core level.

Resources

 

The GRI Standards represent global best practices for reporting publicly on a range of economic, environmental and social impacts.

This report provides an inclusive picture of our corporate responsibility material topics, their related impacts, and how they are managed.

Throughout this report, flags denote which GRI disclosures are relevant to the text, where applicable. Roll over a flag to see a brief description of the disclosure.

Assurance

WSP Environment & Energy, one of the world’s leading engineering and professional services consulting firms, conducted an independent third-party review of our 2018 greenhouse gas and water inventories, and provided limited assurance for the data in this report as well as what we submit to CDP. This data can be found on the Water and Climate Change & Energy Use pages of this report.

The table below summarizes where the disclosures can be found throughout this report.

Index #Description Report Location/Direct Answer

General Disclosures

GRI 102: Organizational Profile
GRI 102-1Organization name Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-2Primary brands, products, and services Our Business
2018 Form 10-K (pages 1–3)
GRI 102-3Headquarters location Kenilworth, N.J., USA
GRI 102-4Location of operations We have operations in more than 140 markets around the globe (MSD worldwide)
GRI 102-5Ownership and legal form 2018 Form 10-K (cover, page 33)
GRI 102-6Markets served Our Business
2018 Form 10-K (pages 9, 126)
GRI 102-7Scale of the organization Economic Impact
Positive Work Environment
2018 Form 10-K (pages 1, 17, 30, 35, 40)
2019 Proxy Statement (page 29)
GRI 102-8Information on employees and other workers As of December 31, 2018, the Company had approximately 69,000 employees worldwide, with approximately 26,700 employed in the United States, including Puerto Rico
GRI 102-9Supply chain Manufacturing & Supply
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 102-10Organizational changes during the reporting period About This Report
GRI 102-11Precautionary principle Product Stewardship
GRI 102-12External initiatives Reporting Frameworks
Access to Health
Water
Human Rights
GRI 102-13Membership associations Public Policy
GRI 102: Strategy
GRI 102-14CEO letter Letter from Our CEO
GRI 102: ETHICS & INTEGRITY
GRI 102-16Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior Code of Conduct
GRI 102-17Mechanisms for advice and concerns about ethics Office of Ethics
GRI 102: GOVERNANCE
GRI 102-18Governance structure of the organization Corporate Governance
Corporate Responsibility Governance
Leadership
GRI 102-20High-level accountability for sustainability topics Corporate Responsibility Governance
GRI 102-21Access to the board Corporate Responsibility Governance
GRI 102-22Composition of the board and its committees Leadership
GRI 102-23Chair of the highest governance body Kenneth C. Frazier is both the chairman of the board and the chief executive officer
Corporate Governance
2019 Proxy Statement (pages 17–18)
GRI 102-24Board nomination and selection processes Policies of the Board
GRI 102-25Board conflicts of interest Policies of the Board
GRI 102-26Board and executive roles Corporate Governance
Corporate Responsibility Governance
GRI 102-29Board identification of ESG impacts, risks and opportunities Corporate Responsibility Governance
Board of Directors
GRI 102-30Board ESG review of risk management processes Corporate Responsibility Governance
Governance Committee Charter
GRI 102-31Frequency of board review The Governance Committee shall meet no less frequently than twice each year. Meetings may be called by the Chairperson of the Committee or upon the vote of a majority of the Board.
GRI 102-32 Report review Governance Committee of the Board
GRI 102-33Board communication 2019 Proxy Statement (pages 25–26)
GRI 102-35Remuneration policies for the board and senior executives 2019 Proxy Statement (pages 28–29, 39–70)
GRI 102-36Process for determining remuneration 2019 Proxy Statement (pages 39–70)
GRI 102-37Remuneration shareholder resolutions 2019 Proxy Statement (page 42)
GRI 102: STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT
GRI 102-40 Stakeholder engagement Stakeholder Engagement
GRI 102-41 Union representation Positive Work Environment
GRI 102-42Stakeholder identification Stakeholder Engagement
GRI 102-43 Approach to stakeholder engagement Stakeholder Engagement
Engaging Our Employees
GRI 102: REPORTING PRACTICE
GRI 102-45Entities included in financial statements About This Report
Data regarding employees who are part of underrepresented ethnic groups are provided for the U.S. only.
GRI 102-46 Defining report content and topic boundaries About This Report
Materiality
GRI 102-47 Material Aspects included Materiality
GRI 102-48Restatements Any restatements of information are included in the footnotes beneath the specific performance data tables.
GRI 102-49Reporting changes None
GRI 102-50Reporting period January 1, 2018–December 31, 2018
GRI 102-51Date of most recent report Released in November 2017, covering 2016 programs and data
GRI 102-52 Reporting cycle Annual
GRI 102-53 Report contact Contact Us
GRI 102-54 Claims of reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards Core level
GRI 102-55GRI content index GRI Index
GRI 102-56 External assurance FAQ
GRI 201: ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Economic Impact
2018 Form 10-K (pages 1–8, 17–18, 35)
Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 201-1Direct economic value generated and distributed Economic Impact
Supporting Our Communities
Social Investments
Financial Well-Being
2018 Form 10-K (page 35)
GRI 201-2 Financial implications and other risks and opportunities due to climate change. Climate Change & Energy Use
Water
2018 Form 10-K (page 17–18)
CDP Climate Change (CC5.1–CC5.1c, CC6.1–CC6.1c)
GRI 201-3Benefit plan coverage Financial Well-Being
2018 Form 10-K (pages 111–117)
GRI 203: INDIRECT ECONOMIC IMPACTS
Management Approach Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Product Pricing
Access to Health
GRI 203-1 Infrastructure investments and services supported Supporting Our Communities
Social Investments
GRI 203-2Indirect economic impacts Product Pricing
U.S. Patient Assistance Programs
Key Initiatives
UN SDGs
GRI 205: ANTI-CORRUPTION
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Code of Conduct/Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 205-2Communications and training on anti-corruption Code of Conduct
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Compliance
Engaging with Health Care Professionals
GRI 206: ANTI-COMPETITIVE BEHAVIOR
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Sales & Marketing Practices
Code of Conduct
GRI 206-1Anti-competitive behavior 2018 Form 10-K (pages 101–108)
GRI 301: MATERIALS
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Waste Management
Materials & Packaging
Green & Sustainable Science
Nanotechnology
GRI 301-2 Recycled inputs Waste Management
GRI 302: ENERGY
Management Approach Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 302-1Energy consumption within the organization (Scopes 1 + 2) Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 302-4 Energy reductions Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 303: WATER
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Water
GRI 303-1Water withdrawals by source Water
CDP Water (W1.2a, W5.1a)
GRI 303-2 Water sources affected by withdrawals CDP Water (W2.6, W3.2a, W5.1)
GRI 305: EMISSIONS
Management Approach Explanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Air Emissions
Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 305-1Direct GHG emissions (Scope 1) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change (CC9.1a)
GRI 305-2 Indirect GHG emissions (Scope 2) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change (CC10.1a)
GRI 305-3 Other indirect GHG emissions (Scope 3) Climate Change & Energy Use
CDP Climate Change (CC14.1)
GRI 305-5 Reduction of GHG emissions Climate Change & Energy Use
GRI 305-6 Ozone-depleting substances (ODS) Air Emissions
GRI 305-7NOx, SOx and other emissions Air Emissions
GRI 306: EFFLUENTS & WASTE
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Waste Management
Pharmaceuticals in the Environment
Product Stewardship
GRI 306-1 Water discharge CDP Water (W0.3, W1.2, W1.2b)
GRI 306-2Waste by type and disposal method Waste Management
GRI 306-3Significant spills EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 307: ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. EHS Management & Compliance
Product Stewardship
GRI 307-1Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations EHS Management & Compliance
2018 Form 10-K (pages 108–109)
GRI 308: SUPPLIER ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 308-1New suppliers screened using environmental criteria Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 401: EMPLOYMENT
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Employees Overview
Employee Well-Being
Learning & Development
Office of Ethics
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
Human Rights
GRI 401-1New employee hires and turnover Employees Overview
GRI 401-2Benefits provided to full-time employees Employee Well-Being
Financial Well-Being
GRI 401-3Parental leave Emotional & Social Well-Being
GRI 403: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Employee Safety
EHS Management & Compliance
GRI 403-2Rates of injury, occupational disease, lost days, absenteeism, and work-related fatalities Employee Safety
GRI 403-3Workers with high risk of diseases related to their occupation Employee Safety
GRI 404: TRAINING & EDUCATION
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Learning & Development
GRI 404-1 Average hours of employee training Learning & Development
GRI 404-2Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs Learning & Development
GRI 404-3Percentage of employees receiving regular performance reviews Learning & Development
GRI 405: DIVERSITY & EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Global Diversity & Inclusion
Employee Diversity
GRI 405-1Diversity of governance bodies and employees Global Diversity & Inclusion
GRI 407: FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION & COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Human Rights
GRI 407-1Operations and suppliers in which the right to freedom of association may be at risk Human Rights
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 409: FORCED OR COMPULSORY LABOR
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Human Rights
GRI 409-1Operations and suppliers at significant risk for incidents of forced or compulsory labor Human Rights
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 412: HUMAN RIGHTS ASSESSMENT
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Human Rights
Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 412-2 Employee training on human rights policies and procedures Code of Conduct
GRI 414: SUPPLIER SOCIAL ASSESSMENT
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 414-1 New suppliers screened using social criteria Sourcing & Supplier Relations
GRI 415: PUBLIC POLICY
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Public Policy
GRI 415-1Political contributions Public Policy
GRI 416: CUSTOMER HEALTH & SAFETY
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Manufacturing & Supply
Product & Patient Safety
GRI 416-1Assessment of the health and safety impacts of product and service categories Quality & Safety Standards
Manufacturing & Supply
GRI 416-2Incidents of non-compliance concerning the health and safety impacts of products and services. Quality & Safety Standards
GRI 417: MARKETING & LABELING
GRI 417-1Requirements for product and service information and labeling Product & Patient Safety
GRI 417-2Incidents of non-compliance concerning product and service information and labeling Sales & Marketing Practices
GRI 417-3Incidents of non-compliance concerning marketing communications Sales & Marketing Practices
GRI 418: CUSTOMER PRIVACY
Management ApproachExplanation of the material topic, its boundary, how the topic is managed, and mechanisms for evaluating the effectiveness of the company's strategy. Information Security & Privacy
GRI 418-1 Substantiated complaints regarding breaches of customer privacy and losses of customer data Information Security & Privacy